What States Make Up The Midwest Region? - What States (2023)

Considered one of the four regions of the US census bureau, the Midwest, or the Midwestern United States, is located in the northern central part of the country.

This populated area of the United States has a significant history and its location contributes to a lot of noteworthy moments that occurred over the course of history.

What states are the Midwest, exactly?

Contents

  • 1 Which States Are the Midwest?
  • 2 Where Is the Midwest Located?
  • 3 Interesting Facts About the Midwest
    • 3.1 History of the Midwest
    • 3.2 Interesting Facts About the Midwest Region
    • 3.3 Fun Facts About the Great Plains
    • 3.4 Midwest Tourist Attractions
    • 3.5 Quick Facts About the Midwest
  • 4 FAQs About the Midwest
    • 4.1 Which State Is The Largest In The Midwest?
    • 4.2 Which State Is The Smallest State In The Midwest?
    • 4.3 Which State Is Considered The Best To Live In In The Midwest?
    • 4.4 Which State Is The Cheapest To Move To In The Midwest?
    • 4.5 Related posts:

Which States Are the Midwest?

The Midwest, sometimes known as America’s heartland, is a region in the United States that’s made up of 12 states:

  • Ohio
  • Michigan
  • Indiana
  • Wisconsin
  • Illinois
  • Minnesota
  • Iowa
  • Missouri
  • North Dakota
  • South Dakota
  • Nebraska
  • Kansas
What States Make Up The Midwest Region? - What States (1)

Where Is the Midwest Located?

The Midwest starts in east north central in Ohio and stretches to the west north central in Nebraska, Kansas, and North and South Dakota.

It’s located halfway between the Northeastern and Western United States, with Canada to the north and the Southern United States to the south.

The region encompasses little over 750,000 square miles of land and is home to more than 27 million people. It overlaps with several other regions of the United States, including several of the Great Lakes states, some of the Great Plains states in Tornado Alley, and a handful of states that are arguably part of the the Bible Belt (like Missouri).

(Video) The Midwest Region

Interesting Facts About the Midwest

The Midwest flaunts two major rivers: the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. The great lakes also happen to have some significance in some Midwestern states, touching six of them: Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio.

Because the Midwestern United States lacks seas, temperatures may be high, with year-to-year temperature swings of up to 100 degrees. Summers can be scorching hot, while winters can be bone-chillingly cold.

Tornado Alley has no well-defined limits, but the most powerful and frequent tornadoes are often seen in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and the Midwest states of Missouri and Iowa.

History of the Midwest

The history of the Midwest Region includes open plains, livestock, and pioneers.

Native Americans were the first to settle in the region. Archaeologists have, in fact, discovered relics dating back more than 1,000 years!

The Great Plains were home to the Sioux— the Dakota were another name for them. The Sioux Nation was made up of seven significant tribes, and they resided in South Dakota’s Black Hills (close to where you’ll find the Badlands area today).

Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, and North Dakota were also home to Sioux towns. On the Great Plains, the Sioux hunted buffalo. When Spanish explorers arrived in the region, they started to hunt on horses.

Interesting Facts About the Midwest Region

  • Until 1984, the United States Census Bureau referred to the present-day Midwest as the North Central Region. The Midwest is divided into two sections for official census purposes.
  • The West North Central region includes the Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Missouri, and Minnesota. Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio make up the East North Central region.
  • With huge populations of Germans, Swedes, and Norwegians arriving in the region in the 19th and 20th centuries, immigration has played a vital part in the Midwest’s expansion.
  • Today, 7.3% of Midwest residents were born outside of the United States, and 11.7% speak a language other than English at home.
  • Detroit, Minneapolis, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Kansas City, and Columbus are the most populated metropolitan regions in the Midwest.
  • Residents of the Midwest, whether in cities and in rural locations, are completely aware of how unpredictable the weather can be.
  • The top 10 cities in the United States when it comes to unpredictable weather are all in the Midwest, with Sioux Falls and Minneapolis at the top.

Fun Facts About the Great Plains

What States Make Up The Midwest Region? - What States (2)

The Great Plains, which are generally flat plains and grasslands that encompass about 180 million acres in total, make up the Midwest.

The Midwest is a popular location for farming, outdoor enjoyment, and building because of its continuous low elevation.

(Video) Midwest State Locations

Tornado Alley refers to a region of the Great Plains that has a greater tornado frequency than the rest of the United States. With 96 tornadoes on average every year, Kansas is second only to Illinois, Iowa, and Nebraska, which have between 51 and 66 tornadoes per year.

The lush land and wealth of natural resources like coal, limestone, oil, and iron ore propelled the region’s expansion in the next century after it was included in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase.

Prairie dogs, coyotes, and rattlesnakes, as well as pronghorn and American bison herds, call the Great Plains home. The Great Plains are known for cattle ranching and wind farms.

Midwest Tourist Attractions

The Midwest is a favorite destination for suburban families, with several well-known sites and tourist attractions.

Mount Rushmore is a national memorial in the Black Hills that features the faces of former presidents George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt.

The Gateway Arch in Missouri is the world’s highest structure, towering over St. Louis. The Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota, features over 500 stores and is the third-largest in the United States, with over 40 million visitors per year.

Trivia Time: Which state is home to the most National Parks?

Quick Facts About the Midwest

  • Midwest Population: 68.32 Million as of 202, making up 20.8% of the U.S. Population
  • Time Zone: Almost all use the Central Time Zone (CTZ) except Ohio and Indiana which use Eastern Time Zone (EST)
  • Geographic Area: 1.888 million km²
  • Major Midwestern Cities: Chicago, Indianapolis, Columbus, and Detroit
  • Famous For: Mount Rushmore which is located in South Dakota and is one of the most famous landmarks in the U.S, The Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri, Cave of the Mounds in Wisconsin, Rock and Roll hall of fame in Ohio.
  • When to Visit the Midwest: The greatest time to visit the Midwest is from June through September. Summers in Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, and North Dakota are hot and humid, making for good driving conditions across the area, with added open-air festivals and events like Twins Days in Ohio and state fairs in Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, and North Dakota.
  • Abbreviations for the States in the Midwest: ND, SD, NE, KS, MO, IA, MN, WI, MI, IL, IN, OH

FAQs About the Midwest

What States Make Up The Midwest Region? - What States (3)

Which State Is The Largest In The Midwest?

Michigan is the largest state in the Midwest in terms of geographical area but not landmass. It stretches up to 96,713 square miles. However, water covers 40,175 square miles (104,052 square kilometers), or 41.5 percent of the state.

Which State Is The Smallest State In The Midwest?

Indiana is the smallest state in the Midwest. Indiana is the 38th largest state in the United States, with over 36,000 square miles. Ohio is the second smallest state in the Midwest.

Which State Is Considered The Best To Live In In The Midwest?

Definitely Minnesota. Minnesota’s recent surge in popularity comes from it being the 2nd best state to live in according to a report by the U.S. News and World Report.

Minnesota is second only to Washington, which is in first place for the second year in a row. Data from 71 criteria and eight categories are used to compile the yearly ranking.

Which State Is The Cheapest To Move To In The Midwest?

Missouri is considered the cheapest place to live in the Midwest and is also ranked the 4th cheapest state to move to in the United States. This is in terms of housing, mortgage payments, grocery prices, and the average cost of living.

(Video) Midwest region States and Capitals of United States
(Video) Midwest Region State Capitals Lesson

***

So to recap: What states are the Midwest? It’s made up of 12 states, and they are Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas.

They might all be in close geographical quarters, but they differ in culture and in history!

Trivia Time:What States Are in The Northeast USA?

Which State Has the Most National Parks?What State Is Yellowstone National Park In?What States Are The Rocky Mountains In?What States Do The Smoky Mountains Run Through?
(Video) Region Midwest

FAQs

What states made up the Midwest? ›

The Midwest, as defined by the federal government, comprises the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

What makes up the Midwest region? ›

Many people label entire states as either Midwestern or not—following the U.S. Census Bureau, which defines the Midwest as consisting of an “East North Central” division of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin, and a “West North Central” division of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, ...

What are the 12 Midwest regions? ›

The Census Bureau's definition consists of 12 states in the north central United States: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

What are the 7 Midwest states? ›

The Midwestern agreement includes Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky.

Why is it called the Midwest? ›

“Midwest” was invented in the 19th Century, to describe the states of the old Northwest Ordinance, a term that became outdated once the nation spread to the Pacific Coast. “Midwest” is applied to a chunk of America that seems unclassifiable to the rest of the country: neither North, South, East or West.

Where is the Midwest region? ›

The Midwestern United States (or Midwest) refers to the north-central states of the United States of America, specifically Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

What are the 6 regions of the United States? ›

The country is divided into six regions: New England, the mid-Atlantic, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West.

Is Texas in Midwest? ›

I asked 20 coworkers to find out. The US Census Bureau says Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin constitute the region known as the Midwest.

How many regions are in the United States? ›

A common way of referring to regions in the United States is grouping them into 5 regions according to their geographic position on the continent: the Northeast, Southwest, West, Southeast, and Midwest.

Is Texas in the South or Midwest? ›

THE SOUTH. The third region, the South, claims more states than any other region. According to the Census Bureau, the South consists of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma.

What is the largest state in the Midwest region? ›

Illinois is the largest Midwest state and the sixth-largest U.S. state, home to over 12.7 million people. The most populous city in the Midwest is Chicago, IL, with a population of 2.679 million.

What are the 12 Midwest states and capitals in order? ›

States and Capitals of the USA/Midwest
  • Madison, Wisconsin.
  • St. Paul, Minnesota.
  • Lansing, Michigan.
  • Springfield, Illinois.
  • Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • Columbus, Ohio.
  • Des Moines, Iowa.
  • Jefferson City, Missouri.
May 20, 2022

Is Idaho considered Midwest? ›

But Idaho is actually in a region of the United States known as the Intermountain West, not the Midwest. Its neighbors include Washington, Oregon, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming, as well as a little bit of Canada.

What's the capital of the Midwest? ›

Chicago naturally shares a lot with our nation's largest cities. However, Chicago is as midwestern as the corn that surrounds it. Even more, it's the capital of the region.

Why is the Midwest so cold? ›

The Midwest is subject to extremely cold air masses from the far north, and warm, humid air masses from the Gulf of Mexico, resulting in a wide range of both temperature and precipitation extremes. The Midwest has gotten warmer, with average annual temperatures increasing over the last several decades.

Who settled the Midwest? ›

The first settlers in the Midwest were Native American hunters and French fur traders. Carl Sandburg s beloved city of Chicago, and the state of Iowa were both named for tribes of Indians; St. Louis named for the King of France (from 1226-1270). It was the French who named the natural grasslands they found, prairies.

Is Michigan considered north or Midwest? ›

Both the U.S. Census Bureau and National Geographic include Michigan in the Midwest in their maps showing the various geographic regions of the U.S. They also vouch for Minnesota. "There is no confusion over that," Joe Darden, a professor of geography at Michigan State University in East Lansing, said Wednesday.

Is Utah the Midwest? ›

Midwest region (Oklahoma, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin) with regional office in Omaha, Nebraska.

Is Chicago the Midwest? ›

Illinois' main draw is the cosmopolitan city of Chicago, which is the third-largest in the country and the most important and influential city in the Midwest. Lying on the shores of Lake Michigan, Chicago is blessed with a majestic skyline.

Is Buffalo a Midwest? ›

Yes, Buffalo can be classified as the Midwest and yes, Buffalonians have an accent along with their very own lingo and terminology. The following is an excerpt from How To Speak Midwestern. Accents are an important element of regional identity.

What is the nickname for the Midwest? ›

This area is sometimes referred to as the "heart" or "rust belt" of America and is often associated with agriculture and industry (historically manufacturing but this has faded as years have passed). The culture of the Midwest is generally acknowledged to be "down to earth".

How do you memorize the Midwest states and capitals? ›

Midwest States & Capitals Study Guide - YouTube

How do you memorize the Midwest states? ›

Midwest State Locations - YouTube

What are the 7 regions of the USA? ›

These regions are numbered from one to seven and give an idea about the climate and conditions of the states.
  • New England Region. ...
  • Mid-Atlantic Region. ...
  • Southern Region. ...
  • Mid-West Region. ...
  • South-West Region. ...
  • Rocky Mountains. ...
  • Pacific Coastal Region.
May 10, 2019

What are the 4 main regions of the United States? ›

The US Census Bureau, for example, considers there to be four regions of the US: the Northeast, the Midwest, the South, and the West.

What are the 9 regions of the United States? ›

The CASCs are divided into nine regions across the United States: Alaska, Midwest, Northwest, North Central, Northeast, Pacific Islands, Southwest, South Central, and Southeast.

What states are considered the Deep South? ›

We'll start with the core states, the ones everyone agrees should belong to the Deep South. They are Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina. No one quibbles about how to classify these states, since they're considered to be Southern through and through on both geography and culture.

Is Virginia considered the South? ›

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the South is composed of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, the District of Columbia, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia—and Florida.

Is Montana considered the west? ›

the West, region, western U.S., mostly west of the Great Plains and including, by federal government definition, Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Is Texas considered the Midwest? ›

The US Census Bureau says Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin constitute the region known as the Midwest.

Is Oklahoma considered the South or Midwest? ›

THE SOUTH. The third region, the South, claims more states than any other region. According to the Census Bureau, the South consists of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma.

What are the 6 regions of the United States? ›

The country is divided into six regions: New England, the mid-Atlantic, the South, the Midwest, the Southwest, and the West.

Is Tennessee considered the Midwest? ›

Midwest: Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

What state is the Deep South? ›

The term "Deep South" is defined in a variety of ways: Most definitions include the following states: Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina.

Why is Florida not considered the south? ›

“Technically Florida is in the south but culturally it has been argued that it is not depending on where you come from in the state. North Floridians would tend to argue that Florida is a southern sate in the south but south Floridians would claim that there is nothing southern about the State.

What are the 5 regions of the United States? ›

A common way of referring to regions in the United States is grouping them into 5 regions according to their geographic position on the continent: the Northeast, Southwest, West, Southeast, and Midwest.

What are the 7 regions of the USA? ›

These regions are numbered from one to seven and give an idea about the climate and conditions of the states.
  • New England Region. ...
  • Mid-Atlantic Region. ...
  • Southern Region. ...
  • Mid-West Region. ...
  • South-West Region. ...
  • Rocky Mountains. ...
  • Pacific Coastal Region.
May 10, 2019

What are the 4 main regions of the United States? ›

The US Census Bureau, for example, considers there to be four regions of the US: the Northeast, the Midwest, the South, and the West.

What are the 9 regions of the United States? ›

The CASCs are divided into nine regions across the United States: Alaska, Midwest, Northwest, North Central, Northeast, Pacific Islands, Southwest, South Central, and Southeast.

Is Florida in the Midwest? ›

Southeast region (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands) with regional office in Atlanta, Georgia.

Is Idaho in the Midwest? ›

But Idaho is actually in a region of the United States known as the Intermountain West, not the Midwest. Its neighbors include Washington, Oregon, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming, as well as a little bit of Canada.

Is Virginia considered the South? ›

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the South is composed of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, the District of Columbia, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia—and Florida.

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