Counties taking action against eminent domain for carbon capture pipeline (2022)

KINDRED, N.D. — Todd McMichael looks out over pasture land that his family owns along the Sheyenne River expecting to see prairie chickens, deer and pheasants.

When it greens up, there will be cattle grazing on the land near Kindred, North Dakota, that has never been tilled.

What he doesn't want to see is workers sinking a pipeline into the ground.

McMichael describes himself as becoming a "mouthpiece" for landowners in the path of the Summit Carbon Solutions pipeline in North Dakota who object to the threat of eminent domain to gain right-of-way for the pipeline.

He made a presentation in front of his county board in March, which unanimously adopted a resolution: "That the Richland County Commission officially opposes eminent domain for the Summit Carbon Solutions Pipeline within Richland County, North Dakota."

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Neighboring Sargent County has passed a similar resolution. McMichael says there are presentations soon to be made in Dickey and Emmons counties and conversations taking place with landowners in Burleigh and Morton counties.

He said he and other landowners are making the case “knowing that it more than likely will not have the teeth … if the state decides to site this," McMichael said. "But we are hoping to get noticed in Bismarck; that a lot of landowners are against this project and how it’s being handled.”

The pipeline will stretch west to Mercer and Oliver counties, where Summit plans to pump liquid carbon dioxide underground for permanent storage. The carbon dioxide is to come from 31 ethanol plants across five states connected by 2,000 miles of pipeline.

Summit says the project would reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help keep the ethanol industry viable as place for farmers to market their corn.

Widespread objections

McMichael says he's in regular contact with about 75 people on the pipeline issue. He's also made connections with pipeline opponents in other states.

Summit already has applied for permits in Iowa and South Dakota. The public dockets with the Iowa Utilities Board and South Dakota Public Utilities, where people can submit comments, are overwhelming against the pipeline.

In Iowa, 26 counties touched by the pipeline have filed objections to carbon pipelines. There also have been efforts in the Legislature there to limit the Iowa Utilities Board's ability to grant eminent domain authority.

In northern South Dakota, McPherson County has issued a moratorium on pipeline construction, but Bruce Mack, an organizer of opponents there, said that is part of county effort to upgrade its zoning and there are moratoriums against large hog barns and wind turbines also. But he added that there is "very stiff opposition" in the county.

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"Bottom line is, nobody wants this thing," Mack said.

A letter of opposition filed April 5 by commissioners of Brown County, which includes Aberdeen, reads, in part: "The farmers who will be affected by this pipeline are refusing to sign easements that are being offered to them by SCS Carbon Transport. This company is using strong-arm tactics in response to the refusal to sign these easements. The affected farmers fear the inevitable use of eminent domain and the loss of private property rights.

"There is great concern about the safety of the SCS Carbon Transport pipeline. With the pipe being placed only four feet underground and at 2100 PSI, if this pipeline should happen to rupture, there could be serious human and animal consequences."

McMichael shares those concerns, with his property being very rugged and remote should there be a need for emergency access.

Counties taking action against eminent domain for carbon capture pipeline (2)

Jeff Beach / Agweek

Liquid carbon dioxide is a hazardous material, and a rupture of a carbon dioxide pipeline in Mississippi sickened dozens of people. Opponents add that carbon dioxide can render emergency vehicles useless by robbing the air of the oxygen needed for gas engines to run.

Across the Red River from Richland County is Wilkin County, Minnesota, where a pipeline from the ethanol plant in Fergus Falls, Minnesota, would run. While Wilken County has taken no stand against the pipeline or eminent domain, Commissioner Eric Klindt said he would not be in favor.

Minnesota has no state agency empowered to oversee carbon pipelines, likely leaving Summit to negotiate with individual counties.

(Video) Iowa landowners protest use of eminent domain for carbon pipeline

Perry Miller, the Richland County commissioner who made the motion to adopt the anti-eminent domain resolution, said the commission "was approached by a significant number of farmers" with concerns about the project.

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Summit is offering compensation to landowners, but Perry said, "I don't think it's a matter of price."

Permit process

Summit will need to file for permits with the North Dakota Public Service Commission for the pipeline and the North Dakota Industrial Commission for the storage site.

The three-person Industrial Commission includes Gov. Doug Burgum, who has been vocal in his support of carbon capture projects as a way for North Dakota to become carbon neutral by 2030. He praised the Summit project and the principal person behind the project, Bruce Rastetter of Iowa-based Summit Agricultural Group.

Counties taking action against eminent domain for carbon capture pipeline (3)

Evan Girtz / Agweek

(Video) Carbon Capture & CO2 Pipelines: Pipeline Fighters Hub Briefing

In March, they shared a stage at Tharaldson Ethanol in Casselton, the only North Dakota plant involved in the project, when oil company Continental Resources announced it would invest $250 million in the project and lend its expertise in North Dakota geology.

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FAQs

What happens if a CO2 pipeline leaks? ›

In the event of a carbon pipeline rupture or leak, an explosive plume of CO2 gas can emerge, odorless and colorless, an asphyxiant that can suffocate all living beings, and prevent combustion vehicles like cars from starting to enable an escape to safety.

How does a carbon capture pipeline work? ›

The liquid co2 is injected more than two kilometers underground. Into a layer of rock filled with

What is the CO2 pipeline in Iowa? ›

The Heartland Greenway Pipeline aims to take carbon dioxide emissions from 21 ethanol and fertilizer processors across five states and permanently store 15 million metric tons of carbon dioxide more than a mile underground in central Illinois every year.

What are the dangers of a carbon pipeline? ›

CO2 Pipeline Safety

However, as concentrations increase, CO2 displaces oxygen—which may cause a range of negative health impacts, including suffocation. Pipeline CO2 also may contain potentially hazardous contaminants, such as hydrogen sulfide.

Who regulates CO2 pipelines? ›

2. CO2 pipeline safety standards are established by the Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA).

Why do we need a CO2 pipeline? ›

The pipeline allows these ethanol plants to lower their Carbon Intensity Score, which quantifies the amount of carbon emitted over the life cycle of the process, and sell to consumers in California.

What are the problems with carbon capture and storage? ›

Carbon capture and storage is expensive, energy-intensive, and unproven at scale, and it does not reduce carbon in the atmosphere. CCS technology entrenches reliance on fossil fuels rather than accelerating the needed transition to cheaper and cleaner renewable energy.

What are the benefits of carbon capture? ›

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a proven emissions reduction solution, permanently removing CO2 from the atmosphere. The benefits of CCS are environmental, economic and social with the positive impact both local and global.

Is carbon capture good for the environment? ›

Carbon capture can achieve 14 percent of the global greenhouse gas emissions reductions needed by 2050 and is viewed as the only practical way to achieve deep decarbonization in the industrial sector.

Can CO2 pipelines explode? ›

A carbon dioxide pipeline burst in Mississippi. Here's what happened next. Nearly two years ago, a 24-inch pipeline carrying liquefied carbon dioxide ruptured near the village of Satartia, Mississippi. The pipeline was built through hilly, rugged terrain.

Can you transport CO2 in a car? ›

Never transport a filled CO2 cylinder in a passenger vehicle. Cylinders should never be transported in an enclosed vehicle unless the driver is separated from the cargo by a gas tight barrier. Cylinders should be transported in a continuously cool place.

What type of pipe is used for CO2? ›

FlexSteel uses a combination of polyethylene and steel to create the ideal pipe for CO2 transportation. FlexSteel pipe is designed to limit carbonic acid corrosion, blistering, and slitting, which are detrimental to ordinary steel pipelines and plastic liners.

How deep is a CO2 pipeline? ›

About a mile down in deep geological formations. It is drilled and pumped deep down in the earth. The project has the capacity to transport and store up to 12 million metric tons of CO2 a year, which equates to about 2.8 billion gallons of ethanol production each year.

Where is the new pipeline running through Iowa? ›

CLINTON, Iowa — A proposed pipeline that would transport liquid carbon dioxide from ethanol plants in Cedar Rapids and Clinton would span about 280-miles across five Quad City area counties, according to a preliminary map of the project.

How do you transport liquid CO2? ›

Commercial-scale transport uses tanks, pipelines and ships for gaseous and liquid carbon dioxide. Gas transported at close to atmospheric pressure occupies such a large volume that very large facilities are needed. Gas occupies less volume if it is compressed, and compressed gas is transported by pipeline.

Are CO2 pipelines regulated by Phmsa? ›

Please Note: PHMSA establishes pipeline safety regulations at the Federal level. DOE does not have regulatory oversight of CO2 pipeline safety.

Are CO2 pipelines regulated by FERC? ›

Federal agency. Both FERC and the STB (and predecessor agency ICC) have declined jurisdiction over CO2 pipelines.

Are pipelines safe? ›

Are Pipelines Safe? - YouTube

Are CO2 pipelines liquid or gas? ›

If exposed to the atmosphere, CO2 transported in liquid form inside of a pipeline will transform into a gas due to temperature and pressure changes. A further differing characteristic of CO2 is that it is odorless, unlike oil, but like natural gas in its original state.

Who owns Heartland Greenway? ›

Navigator CO2 Ventures is a privately-held company based in Dallas, whose first-ever pipeline is the proposed “Heartland Greenway“, a “carbon capture & storage” (CCS) project that would tap CO2 waste emissions from some 20 purported sources including Midwest ethanol plants, to be delivered via highly-pressurized ...

What is the biggest obstacle to CCS? ›

In order to achieve this scale of deployment, it is crucial that the challenges, enablers and opportunities for CCS are considered, understood, and addressed. There is no doubt the main challenge to CCS deployment is commercial. CCS requires investment in capital-intensive long-lived assets.

What happens after carbon capture? ›

Once the CO2 has been captured, it is compressed into liquid state and transported by pipeline, ship or road tanker. CO2 can then be pumped underground, usually at depths of 1km or more, to be stored into depleted oil and gas reservoirs, coalbeds or deep saline aquifers, where the geology is suitable.

What is the best carbon capture technology? ›

The 7 Leading Carbon Capture Companies to Save Us [2022 Update]
  • 3.1 Carbfix.
  • 3.2 Global Thermostat.
  • 3.3 CO2 Solutions by SAIPEM.
  • 3.4 Net Power.
  • 3.5 Quest Carbon Capture and Storage by Shell.
  • 3.6 Climeworks.
  • 3.7 Carbon Engineering.

How does carbon capture affect the economy? ›

An environmental solution with economic benefits

As decarbonization solutions continue to scale up around the world, CCS offers an opportunity to create a vast network of new jobs, spark billions in economic development and generate infrastructure investments around large industrial hubs.

Why carbon capture is the future? ›

For heavy-emitting industries like power, steel, cement, oil and gas, and chemicals, carbon capture has the potential to radically reduce environmental footprints, capturing more than 90% of carbon dioxide emissions.

Is carbon capture the future? ›

Carbon capture and storage technology (CCS) takes CO₂ before it is released into the atmosphere and safely stores it. While it is not today an economically viable technology, wide scale CCS adoption could be just over the horizon.

What are the two forms of carbon capture? ›

They fall into three categories: post-combustion carbon capture (the primary method used in existing power plants), pre-combustion carbon capture (largely used in industrial processes), and oxy-fuel combustion systems.

How does carbon capture help climate change? ›

The strategy is to trap carbon dioxide where it is produced at power plants that burn fossil fuels and at factories so that the greenhouse gas isn't spewed into the air. The captured carbon dioxide would then be transported and stored or used in industrial processes.

Can carbon capture stop global warming? ›

A rapid growth in carbon capture technologies — which remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the air — are critical if we are to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. Dramatically reducing current greenhouse gas emissions is essential to slow global warming. But it's not enough.

What material is used for CO2 pipelines? ›

Stainless steel is commonly used for the transport of corrosive fluids such as CO2 but is expensive, while the least expensive material commonly used is reinforced fibre; however, this material has low strength at high pressure.

How is captured carbon stored? ›

How does Carbon Capture & Storage work? - YouTube

How does Orca carbon capture work? ›

the world's first largest direct air capture and storage plant - YouTube

Can you make money capturing carbon? ›

Money Is Pouring Into Carbon Capture Tech, But Challenges Remain

Are CO2 pipelines liquid or gas? ›

If exposed to the atmosphere, CO2 transported in liquid form inside of a pipeline will transform into a gas due to temperature and pressure changes. A further differing characteristic of CO2 is that it is odorless, unlike oil, but like natural gas in its original state.

At what pressure is CO2 pipeline? ›

CO2 Pipelines in the United States

To minimize costs, commercial CO2 pipelines typically operate at pressures between 1,200 pounds per square inch gauge (psig) and 2,200 psig, with some pipelines having a maximum operating pressure of 2,500 psig to 2,800 psig.

Can you run CO2 in copper pipe? ›

While stainless steel is typically seen more often, copper alloy is an excellent option for TC CO2 applications for a couple reasons. First, it can be brazed, allowing for easy integration into systems with copper connections.

Where is most carbon stored on Earth? ›

Real World: The Carbon Cycle -- Essential for Life on Earth - YouTube

What are the 4 major carbon sinks? ›

Carbon is stored on our planet in the following major sinks (1) as organic molecules in living and dead organisms found in the biosphere; (2) as the gas carbon dioxide in the atmosphere; (3) as organic matter in soils; (4) in the lithosphere as fossil fuels and sedimentary rock deposits such as limestone, dolomite and ...

What are 3 different types of carbon storage? ›

They fall into three categories: post-combustion carbon capture (the primary method used in existing power plants), pre-combustion carbon capture (largely used in industrial processes), and oxy-fuel combustion systems.

Which country installed the world's largest carbon dioxide sequestering plant? ›

The Orca Plant in Iceland is the world's largest carbon-capturing plant that sucks carbon dioxide directly from the air and turns it into stones. The plant permanently removes carbon dioxide from the air and can pull 4,000 tonnes of CO2 every year.

Which country uses carbon capture? ›

Australia, Canada, Denmark, UK and the United States remain the only nations with CCS-specific laws or existing laws that apply to most parts of the CCS project lifecycle.

What plant captures the most CO2? ›

Money Is Pouring Into Carbon Capture Tech, But Challenges Remain

Can I sell carbon credits from my land? ›

Absolutely! Farmers and any landowners can sell carbon credits because ALL land can store carbon. Landowners are eligible to receive carbon credits at the rate of one per every ton of CO2 their land sequesters. LandGate helps landowners understand how much carbon their land can sequesters every year.

How much is an acre of carbon credits worth? ›

The market price for carbon credits has ranged from less than $1 per metric ton to over $7,” Mathern explains. She says recent payments have been based on prices near $4 per metric ton. That translates to a per acre rate of $1 to $4, depending on the type of land.

How much is a carbon credit worth? ›

How much do carbon offsets cost? The price of carbon offsets varies widely from <$1 per ton to >$50 per ton. The price depends on the type of carbon offset project, the carbon standard under which it was developed, the location of the offset, the co-benefits associated with the project, and the vintage year.

Videos

1. First Carbon Pipeline Before Iowa Regulators Brings Fight
(Market to Market)
2. Iowa Landowners share concerns about proposed carbon dioxide pipeline
(KETV NewsWatch 7)
3. Landowners Meeting: Carbon Pipelines in Nebraska
(BoldNebraska)
4. Carbon Pipelines: A Disaster Waiting to Happen
(Sierra Club Iowa Chapter)
5. Summit Carbon Solutions considering eminent domain to build pipelines
(KETV NewsWatch 7)
6. Comparing Iowa's 2 proposed carbon pipelines
(We Are Iowa Local 5 News)

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